What is Testosterone?
Testosterone is the male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid. The hormone is responsible for the development of the secondary sexual characters such as the growth of boy’s hair, muscle mass and strength in males. Apart from this, testosterone in men also plays a critical role in the general well-being of the male bodies. It promotes good health and is also instrumental in preventing a condition known as osteoporosis, in which the bone strength decreases, thus making them susceptible to breaking.
Testosterone Levels in Men
With a healthy diet and a good lifestyle, the average level of testosterone in men ranges between 300 ng/dl-1050 ng/dl, where ng/dl is for nanograms per deciliter. The average levels of testosterone in men decline as the person ages. It is said that between the age of 25 and 70, males show at least 30% decrease in the testosterone levels. Aging plays a critical part in the decrease or increase of testosterone levels.
The levels of free testosterone decline rapidly than the levels of total testosterone. Free testosterone is the testosterone in the blood which is not bound to the sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). The levels of free testosterone show a decline of about 50% with age. Late Onset Hypogonadism (LOH) is the term used to describe the decrease in testosterone levels. It is also known as andropause, which is commonly known as low testosterone.
Normal Testosterone Levels in Men
Not every older man will have lower testosterone levels. In fact, some men show consistency in maintaining their testosterone levels throughout their lives. It is said that 1 in 5 men above the age of 60 may have low testosterone levels. This still does not change the fact that many younger men suffer from low testosterone levels. Since the standard testosterone level ranges between 300 ng/dl – 1050 ng/dl, the normal level of testosterone can be anywhere in this range. The levels may differ according to individuals. This also means that despite falling in the normal testosterone range, many men can still suffer from low testosterone levels.
There are various causes which can lead to low testosterone levels. Obesity can be a big cause in decreasing the testosterone levels. An injury to the testicles, testicular cancer or hormonal imbalance may also promote the condition. Chronic liver or kidney diseases may also lead to a decrease in testosterone in men. Diabetes is also considered to be one of the causes of low testosterone.
Effects of Low Testosterone Hormone
Men with lower testosterone levels may experience certain undesirable changes in their bodies. Low testosterone concentrations in the body can cause a person to lose his sex drive. This can be marked by difficulty in achieving erections as well as lower semen volumes. Loss of hair is another effect if the body in unable to produce the require testosterone levels. The person also suffers from fatigue and lack of strength. This can cause him to lose muscle mass and put on body fat. It also leads to weakening of the bones, thus on setting the condition known as osteoporosis.
There are methods and ways to increase the testosterone levels in men. A process known as testosterone therapy helps to restore the body’s testosterone levels back to normal. This can be done using supplements which increase the testosterone levels in the body, either by aiding the production of testosterone or hampering the process of conversion of testosterone to estrogen. Testosterone boosters are available in the either is tablets or the form of testosterone injections.
There are four main ingredients in testosterone boosters:
- D-Aspartic Acid: This acts as a messenger between the brain and the Leydig cells and helps to convert fats to testosterone.
- TribulusTerrestris: It helps to elevate the levels of the luteinizing hormone which increases the production of testosterone.
- Fenugreek: The extracts from this plant help to strengthen the muscles for men who are undergoing training.
- ZMA: It is a combination of ingredients such as zinc monomethionine aspartate, magnesium aspartate, and vitamin B-6. It helps the body to gain muscles and also promotes REM sleep.
To maintain normal testosterone levels, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. One must always build up the habit of exercising every day to promote the general well being of the body. This helps to keep weight, and with a balanced diet, you can prevent obesity and other weight related diseases which may hamper the testosterone levels in the body.
Since testosterone is also considered vital for body builders and athletes, there are various supplements available to promote the boost of testosterone so that people who are undergoing training can get the desired results when it comes to putting on muscles mass, strengthening the body, increasing the bone density and promoting the health of the body.